Remembrance: the events and services in Scarborough to mark 100 years since the end of World War One

Remembrance: the events and services in Scarborough to mark 100 years since the end of World War One
Armistice ended World War I 100 years ago — these photos show how US troops helped turn the tide of the Great War
But the sheer terror endured by those who gave their all has been given renewed meaning and added impact by a set of newly colourised photographs of the conflict.

The series of 100 images, their colours making it seem as if the conflict came to an end just yesterday, has been painstakingly produced to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Armistice.

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Among the photographs is one of a wounded German prisoner of war, both eyes bandaged, being gently led along a railway line by a British tommy in 1916, a French soldier behind them weighed down by the heavy tripod of an early camera.

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Another shows gunners from the Royal Garrison Artillery pushing a light railway truck filled with shells and British officers standing outside the mouth of a German trench in Messines, Belgium, after its capture in 1917.

Between 10 a.m. and 1 p.m., free parking will be provided at downtown municipal lots. Parking time restrictions at on-street parking spaces downtown will be waived, and Brantford Transit fares will be waived for riders wearing a poppy to and from the service.

Other, equally striking pictures show King George V sitting next to an army commander on the site where Thiepval Chateau stood before its destruction during heavy fighting in September 1916, and a more light hearted one of a soldier receiving a haircut from an Alpine barber on the Albanian front.

The campaign includes 22 individual pole banners posted around the downtown armoury and Brant County War Memorial and a series of posts honouring each veteran on the citys Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages.

Tom Marshall, who spent weeks colourising the original black and white photographs, said: I began colourising black and white photos professionally in 2014, coinciding with the centenary of the outbreak of WW1 in 1914. Around the world there was a renewed interest in a war that had not been fresh in the public memory for many years.

Reserved seating will be available at the cenotaph for veterans and their spouses. In the event of inclement weather, the service will be held in the armoury building at Brant Avenue and Colborne Street.

To mark the centenary of the end of the First World War, I decided to collate 100 images Ive colourised in tribute to the men and women who lived through the war, and those who lost their lives.

The city has partnered with the Great War Centenary Association to develop a campaign featuring 22 local First World War veterans — 11 who died and 11 who survived.

The Nottingham-based photo colouriser added: I included men and women of several nationalities, races and religions, as the entire world was affected by the war, and I hope the photos will show an insight into the lesser known stories and events.

To honour the occasion, the city has teamed with the Great War Centenary Association to offer an enhanced Remembrance Day program.

Breath-taking black and white end of WWI images brought to life in colour

Mr Marshall, of PhotograFix, appealed for people to make a donation to the Royal British Legions Poppy Appeal – or to a similar appeal in their home country – as a way of remembering the men captured in his images, as well as the estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians who died as a direct result of the war.

Poppies have been put up all around the town as a mark of respect for soldiers who paid the ultimate price in the 1948-18 conflict.

Mr Marshall said: Since 2014 I have been very fortunate to have been able to work on exhibitions, press articles and books commemorating significant WW1 anniversaries, but I have also been honoured to work on personal family photos, which all have unique insights into what was truly the first global conflict.

By adding colour to images previously seen only in black and white he hopes to convey to a new generation the grim reality of a war.

Now the pity of war so powerfully evoked by the poets of the trenches a century ago has, thanks to Mr Marshall, a modern, colour drenched hue.

This week will mark 100 years since the guns of First World War finally fell silent after four years of bloody conflict which devastated Europe

When the US declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917, the Allies had already endured over three years of carnage.

The famed Harlem Hellfighters were the first to join the fight on the frontlines under French command.

As the Americans began to send more troops across the Atlantic, Germany was anxious to score a victory before the majority of their forces arrived.

In the midst of the Bolshevik Revolution, Russia could not sustain its war effort. The dissolution of its forces freed German soldiers to the east, and the Central Powers ranks along the western front swelled.

That plan backfired, and with the additional US troops, the Allies were able to counter a string of German offensives, starting with the first US-led assault in a small village near the Somme called Cantigny.

American troops from 28th Infantry Regiment of First Division, American Expeditionary Forces go over the top on May 28, 1918. Associated Press Launched May 28, 1918, the Battle of Cantigny was Americas first major offensive in World War I.

American troops take defensive positions in a wrecked building in Cantigny, France in 1918. Hulton Archive/Getty American forces seized the village of Cantigny in just over half an hour, and defended against several German counterattacks for the next two days.

Under Army general John Pershings orders not to surrender an inch, Americans held their positions at the cost of over 1,000 lives.

Exhausted and depleted, members of the 6th Marine regiment gather after the fighting ended outside of Belleau Wood. US Marine Corps/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain German reinforcements, recently arrived after their relocation from the eastern front, continued their offensive at Chateau-Thierry, and advanced within 50 miles of Paris before pausing in Belleau Woods.

It was there the Americans decided to attack. As they dug in to prepare for the days ahead, their French counterparts retreated, and advised the US Marines do the same.

On June 6, 2018, the US forces launched a three-week battle in which both sides would suffer debilitating losses.

On the first day of fighting, US forces suffered over 1,000 casualties. The Germans defended against nine assaults, until June 26, when a combat report relayed the victory.

Accounts vary as to the precise wording used by Marine Maj. Maurice Shearer, but the gist was this: “Woods now U.S. Marine Corps entirely.”

Bodies of German soldiers who were killed at Belleau Wood, 1918. Associated Press War correspondent Floyd Gibbons headline for the Chicago Tribune, and the battle in which he lost an eye, would form a legacy the US Marines treasure to this day.

Second Battle of the Marne, 1918. Hulton Archive/Getty Germany launched its final offensive on July 15, 1918.

Suffering a major defeat at Belleau Wood, German General Erich Ludendorff had one final chance to advance across the river Marne towards Paris.

But the Allies held him off, and on July 18 launched a counter-offensive that would be considered the turning point of the war.

This photo from the Battle of the Marne shows tanks and aircraft, two major developments in warfare during The Great War. Hulton Archive/Getty The Franco-American troops, with an estimated 300 tanks, forced the Germans to retreat.

Gen. Ludendorffs plan was to divert the Allies away from Flanders, where he would launch another offensive.

But the Germans suffered a swift defeat, and by early August 1918 the Allies had recaptured Soisson to the north.

A group of captured Germans at St. Mihiel Salient in 1918. Hulton Archive/Getty A headline from The New York Times read:

American troops on the front lines of St. Mihiel cheer after hearing an Armistice has been signed in November 1918, bringing an end to World War I. Associated Press The German evacuation at St. Mihiel had reportedly already begun.

The swift victory allowed US forces to transfer to the Meuse-Argonne to support the Allies next major offensive.

A US Army 37mm gun crew man their weapons on September 26, 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Allied offensive. Associated Press In October 1918, US President Wilson rejected a request for armistice by German Chancellor Prince Maximillian.

Meanwhile, the American Expeditionary Forces drove the Germans into retreat in a final offensive at the Meuse-Argonne.

A commanding officer and his staff from the 58th Infantry Regiment use a concrete slab as a makeshift operations table to discuss the next step in the Meuse-Argonne advance, 1918. General Photographic Agency/Getty Over 1 million Americans fought in the battle, a decisive Allied victory that brought an end to The Great War.