Ivanka Trump used private email account to conduct government business: watchdog

Ivanka Trump used private email account to conduct government business: watchdog
Ivanka Trump used personal email account to send emails about government business
Ivanka Trump attends a lunch meeting with Republican lawmakers in the Cabinet Room at the White House, June 26, 2018.

Ivanka Trump used her personal email account to communicate with White House and cabinet officials on hundreds of occasions last year, both before and after she became an official member of White House staff, according to screen grabs of emails published by a non-partisan watchdog group.

To address misinformation being peddled about Ms. Trumps personal e-mail, she did not create a private server in her house or office, there was never classified information transmitted, the account was never transferred or housed at Trump Organization, no e-mails were ever deleted and the e-mails have been retained in the official account in conformity with records preservation laws and rules, the spokesman, Peter Mirijanian, said in a statement. When concerns were raised in the press 14 months ago, Ms. Trump reviewed and verified her e-mail use with White House counsel and explained the issue to congressional leaders.

The emails were unearthed by American Oversight after the group filed Freedom of Information Act requests in March 2017, following them up with lawsuits against four government agencies that refused to share the records.

The New York Times reported in September, 2017, that Ms. Trump, the presidents eldest daughter, was one of at least six White House advisers using private e-mails in the early days of the Trump administration. Newsweek, that same month, reported specifically on Ms. Trumps e-mail use, saying that it was mostly before she formally joined the administration, and that she occasionally did so after she was sworn in as a senior adviser.

American Oversight eventually received the records from the U.S. federal government’s commerce, treasury, labour, small business administration and education departments.

Democrats will be in control of at least 232 seats when the new House is sworn in next year, according to The New York Times latest count. And the personal e-mail use of Ms. Trump and her husband, Jared Kushner, who both serve as senior advisers to the president, have been expected to be among the topics the new leaders will address.

Ivanka Trump used personal email for government work: report

White House ethics officials learned of Ivanka’s use of personal email when reviewing emails dug up in response to American Oversight’s lawsuit, the Washington Post first reported on Monday.

The subject has particular irony for Democrats, who bitterly point to President Donald Trump highlighting during the 2016 presidential campaign Hillary Clintons use of a private e-mail server while she was secretary of state. At rally after rally, Trump discussed her server, buoyed by chants of Lock her up! from his crowds.

Ivanka Trump used personal email in government like Crooked Hillary

U.S. President Donald Trump’s advisers were concerned at the discovery amid fears that Ivanka’s indiscretion was similar to that of Hillary Clinton’s, according to the Post.

During the 2016 presidential campaign, Trump repeatedly assailed Clinton over her use of a personal email server when she was secretary of state, lambasting her as “Crooked Hillary” and saying she belonged in jail.

But her repeated use of her personal e-mail on a private address, ijkfamily.com, which was set up by Mr. Kushner and Ms. Trump during the transition, was a cause for concern within the White House Counsels Office, according to two people familiar with what took place.

The president’s daughter responded that she didn’t know some of the details surrounding the use of email, the Post reported, citing sources aware of her reaction.

Still, current and former White House officials have said it was characteristic of a repeated blurring of the lines between her government work and other aspects of her life, which used to include her namesake licensing and apparel businesses.

Emails published by American Oversight show Ivanka communicating with the likes of Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and treasury official Daniel Kowalski, a counselor to Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin, using an email address with a “.com” domain name, rather then a government-issued “.gov” address.

Ivanka Trump repeatedly used a personal e-mail account to conduct government business in 2017, a White House review found, a fact that raises the stakes on congressional oversight hearings the new Democratic House majority will hold.

People want Ivanka Trump to be locked up after she sent government emails from a personal account

An email sent by Ivanka Trump to Education Secretary Betsy DeVos before Ivanka became an official member of White House staff.

Video: Presidents Daughter Facing Criticism For Sending Emails On Government Business From Personal Accoun

An email sent by Ivanka Trump to Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross in June 16, 2017, after Ivanka became an official member of White House staff.

The Clinton server was discovered amid a congressional inquiry in 2015. The FBI investigated her use of the server — which included sending e-mails that were classified — but declined in July 2016 to press charges.

Video: Report: Ivanka Trump Used Private E-Mail For Government Business | The Last Word | MSNBC

The publication of Ivanka’s emails prompted accusations of hypocrisy among critics of the Trump administration.

The presidents family is not above the law, and there are serious questions that Congress should immediately investigate, Austin Evers, the groups executive director, said in a statement on the website.

Video: White House: Ivanka Trump Didnt Know She Couldnt Use Personal Email | The 11th Hour | MSNBC

Philippe Reines, who was a senior adviser to Clinton during her tenure as secretary of state, tweeted: “John Kelly [White House chief of staff] must be compelled to explain to Congress why Ivanka & Jareds security clearances were granted on a permanent basis despite their email practices being known at that time to the White House as running afoul of security requirements.

The Washington Post first reported on the scope of Ivanka Trumps e-mail use, saying Monday that there were up to 100 related to government business, but hundreds of others related to schedules.

Video: White House: Ivanka Trump Didnt Know She Couldnt Use Personal Email | The 11th Hour | MSNBC

Robert Reich, who served as secretary of labour under the Bill Clinton presidency, tweeted a list of Trump administration members who used personal email to conduct official business before stating, “The shameless hypocrisy of these people never ceases to amaze me.”

After Ms. Trumps personal e-mail use was discovered, Mr. Lowell helped sort out what e-mails qualified as official records that needed to be kept for posterity, The Post reported.

Ivanka Trump used a personal email account for government business, but no we shouldnt lock her up

Members of the Trump administration who have used personal email to conduct official business: 1) Ivanka Trump 2) Jared Kushner 3) Steve Bannon 4) Stephen Miller 5) Reince Priebus6) Gary Cohn

The liberal watchdog group American Oversight said on its website that its freedom of information requests had led to the discovery of the volume of Ms. Trumps e-mail use.

Laurence Tribe, professor of constitutional law at Harvard University, tweeted: “You cant make this stuff up. Not after that gang did the Lock Her Up! chant against Hillary for two solid years so Ivanka could become First Daughter. Above the law, just like daddy. Disgusting hardly says it.”

Ivanka Trump may find her use of a personal e-mail server to do government business the subject of Democratic inquiries in the new House of Representatives.

READ MORE: Trump supporters chant Lock her up! at rally, hours after bomb mailed to Hillary Clinton

Ms. Trumps allies have stressed that the volume of e-mails she sent from her personal account that related to government work was relatively small.

“The president’s family is not above the law, and there are serious questions that Congress should immediately investigate,” said Austin Evers, executive director of American Oversight, said in a statement.

“Did Ivanka Trump turn over all of her emails for preservation as required by law? Was she sending classified information over a private system?

“For more than two years, President Trump and senior leaders in Congress have made it very clear that they view the use of personal email servers for government business to be a serious offense that demands investigation and even prosecution, and we expect the same standard will be applied in this case.”

Ivanka Trump used a private email account to discuss government business

Peter Mirijanian, head of a Washington public relations firm and spokesperson for Ivanka Trump’s ethics counsel Abbe Lowell, said in a statement that the president’s daughter did not delete her emails and kept them in conformity with laws governing the preservation of records, CNN reported.

Ivanka Trump, left, the daughter and assistant to President Donald Trump, gestures while speaking during a news conference to discuss Build Act implementation at the Capitol in Washington, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2018. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Mirijanianan also sought to differentiate Ivanka Trump’s use of personal emails with Hillary Clinton’s. He said that unlike Ivanka, Clinton set up a private server and shared classified information in her emails.

WASHINGTON — Ivanka Trump, the presidents daughter and a top White House adviser, sent hundreds of emails about government business from a personal email account last year, The Washington Post reported Monday.

“Like most people, before entering into government service, Ms. Trump used a private email. When she entered the government, she was given a government email account for official use,” Mirijanian told CNN.

Mirijanian stressed that no classified information was transmitted in the messages, that no emails were deleted and that the emails have since been "retained" in conformity with records laws.

“While transitioning into government, until the White House provided her the same guidance they had to others who started before she did, Ms. Trump sometimes used her private account, almost always for logistics and scheduling concerning her family.”

Ivanka Trump used personal email for govt business: Report

Neither Ivanka Trump, President Trump nor the White House have responded to Monday’s revelation.

Ivanka Trump Used Private Email for Official Business

WASHINGTON—Ivanka Trump sent hundreds of emails last year to White House aides, Cabinet officials and her assistants using a personal account, many of them in violation of federal records rules, according to people familiar with a White House examination of her correspondence.

The White House did not immediately respond to questions about the email use, but a spokesman for Ivanka Trumps lawyer, Abbe Lowell, didnt dispute the report.

White House ethics officials learned of Trump’s repeated use of personal email when reviewing emails gathered last fall by five Cabinet agencies to respond to a public records lawsuit. That review revealed that throughout much of 2017, she often discussed or relayed official White House business using a private email account with a domain that she shares with her husband, Jared Kushner.

The discovery alarmed some advisers to U.S. President Donald Trump, who feared that his daughter’s practices bore similarities to the personal email use of Hillary Clinton, an issue he made a focus of his 2016 campaign. Trump attacked his Democratic challenger as untrustworthy and dubbed her “Crooked Hillary” for using a personal email account as secretary of state.

Some aides were startled by the volume of Ivanka Trump’s personal emails — and taken aback by her response when questioned about the practice. Trump said she was not familiar with some details of the rules, according to people with knowledge of her reaction.

Ivanka Trump, left, the daughter and assistant to President Donald Trump, gestures while speaking during a news conference to discuss Build Act implementation at the Capitol in Washington, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2018. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

The White House referred requests for comment to Ivanka Trump’s attorney and ethics counsel, Abbe Lowell.

Ivanka Trump Repeatedly Used Personal Email at White House, Review Finds

In a statement, Peter Mirijanian, a spokesperson for Lowell, acknowledged that the president’s daughter occasionally used her private email before she was briefed on the rules, but he said none of her messages contained classified information.

“While transitioning into government, after she was given an official account but until the White House provided her the same guidance they had given others who started before she did, Ms. Trump sometimes used her personal account, almost always for logistics and scheduling concerning her family,” he said in a statement.

The White House didnt immediately respond to questions Monday, but a spokesman for Ivanka Trumps lawyer, Abbe Lowell, didnt dispute the report.

Mirijanian said Ivanka Trump turned over all her government-related emails months ago so they could be stored permanently with other White House records.

Thats according to The Washington Post, which reports the emails were sent to White House aides, Cabinet officials and her assistants.

And he stressed that her email use was different than that of Clinton, who had a private email server in the basement of her home in Chappaqua, N.Y. At one point, an archive of thousands of Clinton’s emails was deleted by a computer specialist amid a congressional investigation.

The newspaper claimed that the discovery alarmed other advisers as it was reminiscent of Hillary Clintons use of personal emails, which was revealed in the run-up to the 2016 presidential election. Donald Trump labelled her Crooked Hillary, claiming that her actions had put national security in danger. The FBIs reopening of an investigation days before the election is considered by some to…

“Ms. Trump did not create a private server in her house or office, no classified information was ever included, the account was never transferred at Trump Organization, and no emails were ever deleted,” Mirijanian said.

Like Ivanka Trump, Clinton also said she was unaware of or misunderstood the rules. However, Clinton relied solely on a private email system as secretary of state, bypassing government servers entirely.

Ivanka Trump, the US presidents daughter, used a personal account to send hundreds of emails to aides discussing official White House business, it was reported last night.

Both Ivanka Trump and Clinton relied on their personal attorneys to review their private emails and determine which messages should be retained as government records.

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Clinton originally said none of the messages she sent or received were “marked classified.” The FBI later determined that 110 emails contained classified information at the time they were sent or received.

Austin Evers, executive director of the liberal watchdog group American Oversight, whose record requests sparked the White House discovery, said it strained credulity that Trump’s daughter did not know that government officials should not use private emails for official business.

“There’s the obvious hypocrisy that her father ran on the misuse of personal email as a central tenet of his campaign,” Evers said. “There is no reasonable suggestion that she didn’t know better. Clearly everyone joining the Trump administration should have been on high alert about personal email use.”

Ivanka Trump and her husband set up personal emails with the domain “ijkfamily.com” through a Microsoft system in December 2016, as they were preparing to move to Washington so Kushner could join the White House, according to people familiar with the arrangement.

The couple’s emails are pre-screened by the Trump Organization for security problems such as viruses but are stored by Microsoft, the people said.

As is beyond obvious at this point, a reckless disregard for information security runs in the family. Ivanka Trumps dad, the president, is reportedly still using both his Secret Service-provided phones as well as a personal one despite repeated attempts by federal counterintelligence personnel to make it clear to him that they are not secure and likely compromised by foreign intelligence agencies.

Ivanka Trump used her personal account to discuss government policies and official business less than 100 times — often replying to other administration officials who contacted her through her private email, according to people familiar with the review.

Another category of less-substantive emails may have also violated the records law: hundreds of messages related to her official work schedule and travel details that she sent herself and personal assistants who cared for her children and house, they said.

According to the Post, White House officials discovered that the younger Trump had been using her personal email for government purposes via a domain shared with her husband, fellow administration flunky Jared Kushner, and that she pledged ignorance of the issue when asked about it:

People close to Ivanka Trump said she never intended to use her private email to shroud her government work. After she told White House lawyers she was unaware that she was breaking any email rules, they discovered that she had not been receiving White House updates and reminders to all staff about prohibited use of private email, according to people familiar with the situation.

And he stressed that her email use was different than that of Clinton, who had a private email server in the basement of her Chappaqua, N.Y., home. At one point, an archive of thousands of Clintons emails was deleted by a computer specialist amid a congressional investigation.

Using personal emails for government business could violate the Presidential Records Act, which requires that all official White House communications and records be preserved as a permanent archive of each administration. It can also increase the risk that sensitive government information could be mishandled or hacked, revealing government secrets and risking harm to diplomatic relations and secret operations.

Revelations about Clinton’s personal email system led to an FBI investigation of whether she had mishandled classified information. The scandal shadowed Clinton throughout the 2016 White House race, culminating in then-FBI Director James B. Comey’s controversial decision to hold a news conference a few months before the election to announce his conclusion that she had been reckless with government secrets but that there was not sufficient evidence she had intended to skirt the law.

During the campaign, Trump said the Democratic nominee’s “corruption is on a scale we have never seen before” and called her personal email use “bigger than Watergate.”

Ms. Trump did not create a private server in her house or office, no classified information was ever included, the account was never transferred at Trump Organization, and no emails were ever deleted, Mirijanian said.

Trump supporters still chant “Lock her up!” at his rallies, and the president, nearly two years into his administration, continues to tweet about Clinton’s emails.

Mirijanian also insisted to the Post that this was definitely, totally, not at all like that Hillary Clinton email thing that the elder Trump hammered on ad nauseam during the 2016 campaign season:

“Big story out that the FBI ignored tens of thousands of Crooked Hillary Emails, many of which are REALLY BAD,” he tweeted in August, referring to a Fox News story about claims that the bureau did not scrutinize all her emails. “Also gave false election info. I feel sure that we will soon be getting to the bottom of all of this corruption. At some point I may have to get involved!”

The report by the Washington Post alleges that US President Donald Trumps daughter and White House adviser Ivanka Trump briefly used her personal email account for communication with several administration agencies and officials. Trumps daughter reportedly sent about 1,000 emails containing her official schedule and travel arrangements to herself or her staff and some 100 emails in which she discussed government-related business with officials, including Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, the Labor Department (DOL), the Department of Treasury and the Department of Commerce staff, as well as the administrator of the Small Business Administration (SBA) Linda McMahon.

Ivanka Trump first used her personal email to contact Cabinet officials in early 2017, before she joined the White House as an unpaid senior adviser, according to emails obtained by American Oversight.

The blunder, which put Ivanka in violation of the White House records law, was first reported in September last year. The documents obtained by the American Oversight group through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) at the time showed that, before formally joining the White House in March last year, Ivanka used her personal email address to carry out official work. The WaPo reported on Monday that though the first daughter pledged to abide by all ethics rules and regulations since becoming an adviser to the president, she continued to occasionally use her personal email for official communication.

Ivanka Trump used personal account for emails about government business

In late February 2017, she used her personal email to contact Small Business Administration chief Linda McMahon and propose they meet to explore “opportunities to collaborate.” The following month, she emailed Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, suggesting that their staffers meet to discuss ways to collaborate on “locational/workforce development and k-12 STEM education.”

While her messages were largely about government work, Trump was not then subject to White House records rules.

While Clinton shared “top secret” and “highly confidential” information through her private e-mail domain, potentially endangering national security, Ivankas lawyer says this was not the case with the first daughter. Following the discovery of her use of private email in fall last year, the White House launched an internal review of the emails, which was carried out by Ivankas attorney, Abbe Lowell.

When she joined the White House on March 30, Ivanka Trump pledged to comply “with all ethics rules,” responding to complaints that her voluntary role gave her all of the access and perks of the White House — but none of the legal responsibilities or constraints.

“Throughout this process I have been working closely and in good faith with the White House counsel and my personal counsel to address the unprecedented nature of my role,” she said in a statement at the time.

“While transitioning into government, after she was given an official account but until the White House provided her the same guidance they had given others who started before she did, Ms. Trump sometimes used her personal account, almost always for logistics and scheduling concerning her family,” Mirijanian said.

Ivanka Trump used private email account to discuss official White House business

But Ivanka Trump continued to occasionally use her personal email in her official capacity, according to people familiar with the review.

Clinton permanently deleted some 30,000 emails she deemed personal using the tool BleachBit, which ensured they could not be recovered. The manner in which Clinton got rid of the emails caused many of her critics to doubt her assertion that they had been personal, since its become impossible to verify.

Ivanka Trump reportedly used private account to send hundreds of emails

Her husband Jared Kushner’s use of personal email for government work drew intense scrutiny when it was first reported by Politico last fall. The revelation prompted demands from congressional investigators that Kushner preserve his records, which his attorney said he had.

When the fact came to light, Ivanka admitted the blunder, claiming she was not aware there were rules against it. Sources close to her, cited by the WaPo, said that the White House lawyers further discovered that she had not been kept up to date on the rules prohibiting the use of private email. 

But Ivanka Trump had used her personal email for official business far more frequently, according to people familiar with the administration’s review — a fact that remained a closely held secret inside the White House.

BREAKING: Ivanka Trump used a personal email account to send hundreds of emails about government business last year. Its time Ivanka resigned. She poses an obvious threat to our national security, by being this irresponsible. She cannot be trusted. She must resign immediately.

“She was the worst offender in the White House,” said a former senior U.S. government official who spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe internal dynamics.

While Clinton exclusively used her private server for all work-related communication, claiming that she “did it for convenience” and that “it was fully above board,” Ivanka used her personal email occasionally and admitted that she was doing that in error.

After discovering the extent of her email use in September 2017, White House lawyers relied on Lowell, Ivanka Trump’s attorney, to help review her personal emails to determine which were personal and which were official business, according to the people.

Liberal commenters have accused Ivanka of hypocrisy, arguing that she could not possibly have been ignorant of the rules since the Clinton email saga was what her father capitalized on to sway the election in the first place.

The White House Counsel’s Office did not have access to her personal account and could not review it without invading her privacy and possibly violating privileged communications with her attorneys, people familiar with the review said.

WATCH: Rick Santorum struggles to explain why Ivanka Trump shouldnt be investigated like Hilary Clinton for using private email

After his review, Lowell forwarded emails that he had determined were related to official business to Ivanka Trump’s government account, a move he viewed as rectifying any violations of the records law, they said.

Twitter has been awash with posts comparing Trump and Clinton, calls for Ivanka to resign and chants of “Lock her up!”, as anti-Trump resistance was gloating over her supposed downfall.

Lowell’s review found less than 1,000 personal emails in which Ivanka Trump shared her official schedule and travel plans with herself and her personal assistants, according to two people familiar with the review.

Like Hillary, Ivanka at one point used a personal email account for official communication – but thats where the resemblance begins and ends.

Separately, there were fewer than 100 emails in which Ivanka Trump used her personal account to discuss official business with other administration officials.

The scope of her personal email use had not emerged in response to American Oversight’s records request, which sought Ivanka Trump’s correspondence with Cabinet agencies in early 2017. Most internal White House communications are not subject to the Freedom of Information Act.

READ MORE: FBI thought Hillary broke the law, drafted acquittal despite ongoing investigation – report

“I’m disappointed — although not entirely surprised — that this administration disregarded clear laws that they more than anyone should have been aware of,” Evers said.

Ivanka Trump used personal email for official White House business

In many cases, government officials contacted Ivanka Trump first at her personal email address. That was the case with a note she received in April 2017 from Treasury official Dan Kowalski, who was seeking to set up a meeting between the president and the secretary general of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, an international economic group of which the United States is a member.

“I apologize for reaching out to you on your personal email for this, but it is the only email I have for you,” he wrote, according to an email obtained by American Oversight.

“For future reference my WH email is [redacted],” Ivanka Trump replied. “Thanks for reaching out and making this introduction.”

In April 2017, she used her personal email to write to Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin’s chief of staff, Eli Miller, suggesting that he connect with her chief of staff, Julie Radford. The email chain, obtained by American Oversight, was copied to Radford’s government account.

“It would be great if you both could connect next week to discuss [redacted],”she wrote. “We would love your feedback and input as we structure.”

WASHINGTON—Ivanka Trump sent hundreds of emails last year to White House aides, Cabinet officials and her assistants using a personal account, many of them in violation of federal records rules, according to people familiar with a White House examination of her correspondence.

White House ethics officials learned of Trump’s repeated use of personal email when reviewing emails gathered last fall by five Cabinet agencies to respond to a public records lawsuit. That review revealed that throughout much of 2017, she often discussed or relayed official White House business using a private email account with a domain that she shares with her husband, Jared Kushner.

The discovery alarmed some advisers to U.S. President Donald Trump, who feared that his daughter’s practices bore similarities to the personal email use of Hillary Clinton, an issue he made a focus of his 2016 campaign. Trump attacked his Democratic challenger as untrustworthy and dubbed her “Crooked Hillary” for using a personal email account as secretary of state.

Some aides were startled by the volume of Ivanka Trump’s personal emails — and taken aback by her response when questioned about the practice. Trump said she was not familiar with some details of the rules, according to people with knowledge of her reaction.

Ivanka Trump Used A Private Email Account While Working At The White House

The White House referred requests for comment to Ivanka Trump’s attorney and ethics counsel, Abbe Lowell.

Ivanka Trump used personal email for govt business

In a statement, Peter Mirijanian, a spokesperson for Lowell, acknowledged that the president’s daughter occasionally used her private email before she was briefed on the rules, but he said none of her messages contained classified information.

“While transitioning into government, after she was given an official account but until the White House provided her the same guidance they had given others who started before she did, Ms. Trump sometimes used her personal account, almost always for logistics and scheduling concerning her family,” he said in a statement.

Ivanka Trump used personal account for emails about government business, report says

Mirijanian said Ivanka Trump turned over all her government-related emails months ago so they could be stored permanently with other White House records.

And he stressed that her email use was different than that of Clinton, who had a private email server in the basement of her home in Chappaqua, N.Y. At one point, an archive of thousands of Clinton’s emails was deleted by a computer specialist amid a congressional investigation.

“Ms. Trump did not create a private server in her house or office, no classified information was ever included, the account was never transferred at Trump Organization, and no emails were ever deleted,” Mirijanian said.

Just like Hillary Clinton, Ivanka Trump used private email for business

Like Ivanka Trump, Clinton also said she was unaware of or misunderstood the rules. However, Clinton relied solely on a private email system as secretary of state, bypassing government servers entirely.

Ivanka Trump Reportedly Used Personal Email Account For Official White House Business

Both Ivanka Trump and Clinton relied on their personal attorneys to review their private emails and determine which messages should be retained as government records.

Ivanka Trump used personal email account for White House business

Clinton originally said none of the messages she sent or received were “marked classified.” The FBI later determined that 110 emails contained classified information at the time they were sent or received.

Ivanka Trump reportedly used personal email for government work

Austin Evers, executive director of the liberal watchdog group American Oversight, whose record requests sparked the White House discovery, said it strained credulity that Trump’s daughter did not know that government officials should not use private emails for official business.

“There’s the obvious hypocrisy that her father ran on the misuse of personal email as a central tenet of his campaign,” Evers said. “There is no reasonable suggestion that she didn’t know better. Clearly everyone joining the Trump administration should have been on high alert about personal email use.”

Ivanka Trump and her husband set up personal emails with the domain “ijkfamily.com” through a Microsoft system in December 2016, as they were preparing to move to Washington so Kushner could join the White House, according to people familiar with the arrangement.

The couple’s emails are pre-screened by the Trump Organization for security problems such as viruses but are stored by Microsoft, the people said.

Ivanka Trump used her personal account to discuss government policies and official business less than 100 times — often replying to other administration officials who contacted her through her private email, according to people familiar with the review.

Another category of less-substantive emails may have also violated the records law: hundreds of messages related to her official work schedule and travel details that she sent herself and personal assistants who cared for her children and house, they said.

People close to Ivanka Trump said she never intended to use her private email to shroud her government work. After she told White House lawyers she was unaware that she was breaking any email rules, they discovered that she had not been receiving White House updates and reminders to all staff about prohibited use of private email, according to people familiar with the situation.

Using personal emails for government business could violate the Presidential Records Act, which requires that all official White House communications and records be preserved as a permanent archive of each administration. It can also increase the risk that sensitive government information could be mishandled or hacked, revealing government secrets and risking harm to diplomatic relations and secret operations.

Revelations about Clinton’s personal email system led to an FBI investigation of whether she had mishandled classified information. The scandal shadowed Clinton throughout the 2016 White House race, culminating in then-FBI Director James B. Comey’s controversial decision to hold a news conference a few months before the election to announce his conclusion that she had been reckless with government secrets but that there was not sufficient evidence she had intended to skirt the law.

During the campaign, Trump said the Democratic nominee’s “corruption is on a scale we have never seen before” and called her personal email use “bigger than Watergate.”

Trump supporters still chant “Lock her up!” at his rallies, and the president, nearly two years into his administration, continues to tweet about Clinton’s emails.

“Big story out that the FBI ignored tens of thousands of Crooked Hillary Emails, many of which are REALLY BAD,” he tweeted in August, referring to a Fox News story about claims that the bureau did not scrutinize all her emails. “Also gave false election info. I feel sure that we will soon be getting to the bottom of all of this corruption. At some point I may have to get involved!”

Ivanka Trump first used her personal email to contact Cabinet officials in early 2017, before she joined the White House as an unpaid senior adviser, according to emails obtained by American Oversight.

In late February 2017, she used her personal email to contact Small Business Administration chief Linda McMahon and propose they meet to explore “opportunities to collaborate.” The following month, she emailed Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, suggesting that their staffers meet to discuss ways to collaborate on “locational/workforce development and k-12 STEM education.”

While her messages were largely about government work, Trump was not then subject to White House records rules.

When she joined the White House on March 30, Ivanka Trump pledged to comply “with all ethics rules,” responding to complaints that her voluntary role gave her all of the access and perks of the White House — but none of the legal responsibilities or constraints.

“Throughout this process I have been working closely and in good faith with the White House counsel and my personal counsel to address the unprecedented nature of my role,” she said in a statement at the time.

But Ivanka Trump continued to occasionally use her personal email in her official capacity, according to people familiar with the review.

Her husband Jared Kushner’s use of personal email for government work drew intense scrutiny when it was first reported by Politico last fall. The revelation prompted demands from congressional investigators that Kushner preserve his records, which his attorney said he had.

But Ivanka Trump had used her personal email for official business far more frequently, according to people familiar with the administration’s review — a fact that remained a closely held secret inside the White House.

“She was the worst offender in the White House,” said a former senior U.S. government official who spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe internal dynamics.

After discovering the extent of her email use in September 2017, White House lawyers relied on Lowell, Ivanka Trump’s attorney, to help review her personal emails to determine which were personal and which were official business, according to the people.

The White House Counsel’s Office did not have access to her personal account and could not review it without invading her privacy and possibly violating privileged communications with her attorneys, people familiar with the review said.

After his review, Lowell forwarded emails that he had determined were related to official business to Ivanka Trump’s government account, a move he viewed as rectifying any violations of the records law, they said.

Lowell’s review found less than 1,000 personal emails in which Ivanka Trump shared her official schedule and travel plans with herself and her personal assistants, according to two people familiar with the review.

Separately, there were fewer than 100 emails in which Ivanka Trump used her personal account to discuss official business with other administration officials.

The scope of her personal email use had not emerged in response to American Oversight’s records request, which sought Ivanka Trump’s correspondence with Cabinet agencies in early 2017. Most internal White House communications are not subject to the Freedom of Information Act.

“I’m disappointed — although not entirely surprised — that this administration disregarded clear laws that they more than anyone should have been aware of,” Evers said.

In many cases, government officials contacted Ivanka Trump first at her personal email address. That was the case with a note she received in April 2017 from Treasury official Dan Kowalski, who was seeking to set up a meeting between the president and the secretary general of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, an international economic group of which the United States is a member.

“I apologize for reaching out to you on your personal email for this, but it is the only email I have for you,” he wrote, according to an email obtained by American Oversight.

“For future reference my WH email is [redacted],” Ivanka Trump replied. “Thanks for reaching out and making this introduction.”

In April 2017, she used her personal email to write to Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin’s chief of staff, Eli Miller, suggesting that he connect with her chief of staff, Julie Radford. The email chain, obtained by American Oversight, was copied to Radford’s government account.

“It would be great if you both could connect next week to discuss [redacted],”she wrote. “We would love your feedback and input as we structure.”